Head Lice Treatments

Head lice are tiny insects which live in the hair and feed by biting the scalp and sucking blood. They are very common in school-aged children and their families.

Contrary to some misconceptions, having head lice has nothing to do with a person having dirty hair. Rather, lice spread by clambering from head to head (they cannot fly, jump or swim). Shared combs are another source of transmission, so you should discourage children from using other children’s hair brushes.

The female head louse lays her eggs close to the scalp where it is warm enough to incubate them. If left untreated, the eggs, also called nits, eventually hatch out and start feeding and soon begin to lay more eggs. Empty egg shells are left attached to the hair when the louse hatches.

Head lice make the head feel itchy, so having a child scratching their head a lot is a tell-tale sign. However, the only way to be sure someone has head lice is by finding live insects. You can do this by combing their hair with a special, fine-toothed comb (called a detection comb).

You should treat head lice as soon as you spot them. Once someone in the household has been confirmed to have lice, it is important to check everyone in the house and start treating those who have lice.

There are two main methods of dealing with a head lice infestation: wet combing and the use of lotions.

Medicated lotions and sprays kill head lice in all types of hair. One of these is Hedrin Lotion, which is an effective way of removing the insects. Odourless and easy to use, Hedrin is suitable for children aged six months and over. The skin-friendly formula contains no organophosphates (an ingredient commonly used in chemical pesticides) and instead kills head lice utilising the active ingredient dimeticone, which works to coat the head lice, stopping them from moving so they can be easily removed from the hair.

Another effective treatment is Hedrin All in One Shampoo, which kills lice and can be used during a normal bath time routine. Simply apply the shampoo on dry hair, leave it for 10 minutes, then wet and rinse the shampoo out before combing through a section at a time to remove lice and nits.

Full Marks Solution has also been clinically proven to kill head lice and eliminate eggs. Containing cyclomethicone and isopropyl myristate, the solution can be used on children aged two and above.

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