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First Aid

First Aid

First Aid

Minor accidents and injuries happen every day and it is good to always have some first aid equipment at hand. Plasters, dressings, bandages, disposable (and sterile) gloves, painkillers and alcohol-free cleansing wipes are some of the most useful items to include in a kit. Always check the medicines regularly you have stocked, so that all the items are in date, should you ever need them.

Many of the minor accidents and injuries people suffer are easy to treat without the involvement of healthcare professionals.

Cuts and grazes

The first thing you should do, when treating a cut or a graze, is to stop the bleeding. It is then important to clean the wound thoroughly before covering it with a plaster or dressing. If possible, clean the wound under a running tap and then pat the area dry with a clean cloth or towel.

Megaplast supplies a wide range of plasters, of all shapes and sizes and ranging from traditional ones to transparent ones. Plasters with an antiseptic gauze – a method of treating plasters and dressings with a substance that inhibits growth of infectious agents – are also available. There are also plasters for sensitive skin and those designed to be water resistant.

Once you’ve applied the plaster or dressing, ensure you keep it clean by changing the plaster as often as necessary. Small wounds should close themselves within days, so you should be able to remove the dressing after a few days.

Megaplast also supplies plasters designed specifically for children – featuring emojis and pictures of cartoon characters on them – to make a potentially traumatic incident a little more fun.

In addition to traditional plasters, there are now a variety of anti-pain patches and plasters designed specifically for sports injuries, such as those supplied by Megaplast.

To help to close and support small cuts and minor wounds, you can also use sterile suture strips. By helping keep the edges of wounds together, the strips reduce further bleeding and scarring.

You might also want to consider antiseptic creams and/or liquids for cuts, in order to prevent infection.

Germolene Antiseptic Cream is a soothing local anaesthetic, which numbs the pain and helps relieve the itching and irritation of minor skin injuries. It contains phenol and chlorhexidine digluconate which helps prevent infections. Similarly, Savlon antiseptic cream is used to cleanse and help prevent infection and contains cetrimide and chlorhexidine gluconate. Both can be applied directly on the wound or in the dressing.

Antiseptics also come in fluid form. The TCP Antiseptic Liquid Containing contains halogenated phenols and is usually diluted with water to relieve pain from – and avoid infection in – clean cuts, grazes, bites and stings.

Burns

If possible, treat minor burns or scalds as soon as possible, as it will help prevent damage to your skin. Among the first steps to take is to cool the burn down by using cool or lukewarm running water. Let the water run for as long as 20 minutes, but remember to avoid using water that is too cold – and never use ice.

There are plasters that have been designed to be used on burns, such as ones with cooling gels and those with an aluminium gauze.

As with cuts and grazes, antiseptic creams can provide an effective treatment, thes include:

Germolene Cream 30g
Savlon 30g

If the burn or would is a serious one – or you think that your wound, burn, graze or cut might have become infected – make sure you contact your GP or a A&E. An infected wound might require a short course of antibiotics to help it heal. Similarly, always seek medical help if you can’t stop the bleeding.

Bites and Stings

Insect bites and stings can be both painful and annoying.

Luckily, in the UK, most insect-inflicted injuries are not serious and will get better within a few hours or days. This is because there aren’t that many species on the British Isles that have venom powerful enough to be harmful to humans. Bites and stings can, however, be serious if the person bitten or stung has an allergic reaction. If you have been bitten or stung and believe you are having a reaction, you should seek medical advice.

Insect bites and stings will usually cause a red, swollen lump to develop on the skin. This may be painful and in some cases can be very itchy.

Anthisan Bite and Sting Cream provides relief from the pain and itching caused by bites and stings. It contains mepyramine maleate, a type of antihistamine, which also means it can protect against inflammation.

As well as creams, stings can be treated with patches, such as After-Bite. The patches create a mechanical barrier which prevents rubbing and irritation of the affected area while providing effective soothing. The patches come in sizes suitable for both adults and children.

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